Thought Tapestries: Origin and Evolution of the Modern Human Mind

Liane Gabora

 

Partial BibliographY

 

Accardi L. & Fedullo A. (1982). On the statistical meaning of complex numbers in quantum mechanics, Il Nuovo Cimento, 34(7): 161-172.

Aerts, D., & Aerts, S. (1994). Application of quantum statistics in psychological studies of decision processes, Foundations of Science, 1: 85-97.

Aerts, D., Aerts, S., Broekaert, J., & Gabora, L. (2000). The violation of Bell inequalities in the macroworld. Foundations of Physics, 30(9): 1387-1414. (lanl archive link: quant-ph/0007044)

Aerts, D., Broekaert, J. and Gabora, L. (in press). A case for applying an abstracted quantum formalism to cognition. In R. Campbell (Ed.), No Matter, Never Mind, Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Aerts, D. & Deses D. (2002). State property systems and closure spaces: extracting the classical and nonclassical parts. In D. Aerts, M. Czazor and T. Durt (Eds.) Probing the Structure of Quantum Mechanics: Nonlinearity, Nonlocality, Computation and Axiomatics. Singapore: World Scientific.

Aerts, D., Deses, D. & Van der Voorde A. (2001). Connectedness applied to closure spaces and state property systems. Journal of Electrical Engineering, 52: 18-21.

Aerts, D., D’Hondt, E., & Gabora, L. (2000). Why the disjunction in quantum logic is not classical. Foundations of Physics, 30(9): 1473-1480.

Aerts, D., Durt, T., Grib, A. & Van Bogert, B., & Zapatrin, A. (1992). Quantum structures in macroscopical reality. International Journal of Theoretical Physics, 32: 489-498.

Aiello, L. C. (1996). Hominine preadaptations for language and cognition. In: Modeling the early human mind, eds. P. Mellars & K. Gibson, McDonald, 80-99.

Aiello, L. & Dunbar, R. (1993). Neocortex size, group size, and the evolution of language. Current Anthropology 34: 184-193.

Alexander, R. D. (1974). The evolution of social behavior. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 5: 325-383.

Alexander, R. D. (1975). The search for a general theory of behavior. Behavioral Sciences 20: 77-100.

Alexander, R. D. (1979). Darwinism and human affairs, University of Washington Press.

Amabiles, T. M. (1996). Creativity in context. Boulder CO: Westview.

Amari, S. (1989) Characteristics of sparsely encoded associative memory. Neural Networks 2: 445-457.

Arensburg, B., Schepartz, L. A., Tillier, A., M., Vandermeerch, B., & Rak, Y. (1990) A reappraisal of the anatomical basis for speech in Middle Paleolithic hominids. American Journal of Physical Antropology 83: 137-146.

Ashby, F. G., & Ell, S. W. (2002). Single versus multiple systems of learning and memory. In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (Eds.), Stevens’ handbook of experimental psychology: Volume 4 Methodology in experimental psychology. New York: Wiley.

Ashby, F. G. and Maddox, W. T. (1993), Relations between prototype, exemplar, and decision bound models of categorization. Journal of Mathematical Psychology 37: 372400.

Aunger R. (2000). Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bak, P., Tang, C., & Weisenfeld, K. (1988). Self-organized criticality. Physical Review, A 38, 364.

Baker, G. L. & Gollub, J. P. (1990) Chaotic dynamics, Cambridge University Press.

Bar-Yosef, O. (1994). The contribution of southwest Asia to the study of the origin of modern humans. In: Origins of anatomically modern humans, M. Nitecki and D. Nitecki, eds. 23-66, Plenum Press.

Barkow, J. H., Cosmides, L. & Tooby, J. (1992). The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture. Oxford University Press.

Barron, F. (1963). Creativity and psychological health. Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand.

Barsalou, L. W. (1999). Perceptual symbol systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22(4): 577-660.

Barsalou, L. W. (1982). Context-independent and context-dependent information in concepts, Memory & Cognition, 10, 82-93.

Begun, D. & Walker, D. (1993). The endocast. In: The Nariokotome Homo erectus skeleton, D. Walker and R. Leakey, eds., 326-358, Springer-Verlag.

Beltrametti, E. and Cassinelli, G. (1981) The logic of quantum mechanics, Addison-Wesley, Boston.

Bentley, R. A. & Maschner, H. D. G. (2000). A growing network of ideas. Fractals 8(3): 227-237.

Bentley, R. A. & Maschner, H. D. G. (2001). Stylistic change as a self-organized critical phenomenon: An archeological study in complexity. Journal of Archeological Method and Theory 8(1).

Bickerton, D. (1990). Language and species, Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Bickerton, D. (1995). Language and human behavior, UCL Press.

Blackmore, S. (1999). The Meme Machine, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Blackmore, S. (2000). The power of memes, Scientific American, 283(4): 52-61.

Boden, M. (1990). The creative mind: Myths and mechanisms. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

Bonner, J. T. (1980). The evolution of culture in animals, Princeton University Press.

Boone, J. Smith, E., Dennett, D., and Earle, T. (1998): ‘Is it Evolution Yet? A Critique of Evolutionary Archaeology’, Current Anthropology, 39(3) June, pp. S141-74.

Borger, T. and Sarin, R. (1997). Learning through Reinforcement and the Replicator Dynamics, Journal of Economic Theory, 77: 1-14.

Borkar, V. S., Jain, S. and Rangarajan, G. (1998). Dynamics of Individual Specialization and Global Diversification in Communities’, Complexity, 3(3): 50-6.

Bowers, K. S. & Keeling, K. R. (1971). Heart-rate variability in creative functioning. Psychological Reports, 29: 160-162.

Boyd, R. and Richerson, P. J. (1985). Culture and the Evolutionary Process, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Boyd, R. & Richerson,  P. (2001). Built for speed, not for comfort: Darwinian theory and human culture. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences, 23: 423-463.

Burnet, F. M. (1959). The clonal selection theory of acquired immunity. London: Cambridge University Press.

Byrne, R. W. & Russon, A. (1998). Learning by imitation: A hierarchical approach. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21: 667-721.

Cairns, J., Overbaugh, J. and Miller, J. (1988). The Origin of Mutants, Nature, 335: 142-145.

Calvin, W. H. (1996a). How brains think. New York: Basic Books.

Calvin, W. H. (1996b). The cerebral code. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Calvin, W. H. (1998). The emergence of intelligence. Scientific American 9(4): 44-51.

Calvin, W. H. & Bickerton, D. (2000). Lingua ex machina: Reconciling Darwin and Chomsky with the human brain. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Calvin, W. H. (2004). A brief history of the mind: From apes to intellect and beyond. New York: Oxford University Press.

Calvin, W. H. & Bickerton, D. (2000). Lingua ex machina: Reconciling Darwin and Chomsky with the human brain, MIT Press.

Campbell D. T. (1960). Blind variation and selective retention in creative thought as in other knowledge processes. Psychological Review, 67: 380-400.

Campbell D. T. (1965). Variation and selective retention in socio-cultural evolution. In H. R. Barringer, G. I. Blanksten, & R. W. Mack (Eds.), Social Change in Developing Areas: A Reinterpretation of Evolutionary Theory. Cambridge, MA Schenkman.

Campbell, D. T. (1974). Evolutionary Epistemology, in (P.A. Schlipp, ed.) The Library of Living Philosophers, Vol. XIV: The Philosophy of Karl Popper. Open Court, LaSalle IL.

Campbell, D. (1987). Evolutionary epistomology. In G. Radnitzky &. W.W. Bartley III (Eds.), Evolutionary Epistomology, Rationality, and the Sociology of Knowledge, LaSalle, IL: Open Court.

Campbell, D.T. (1990). Levels of organization, downward causation, and the selection-theory approach to evolutionary epistemology. In Greenberg & Tobach (Eds.), Theories of the Evolution of Knowing. Hillsdale NJ: Erlbaum.

Carey, S. (1985). Conceptual change in childhood. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Carstairs-McCarthy, A. (1999). The origins of complex language, Cambridge University Press.

Cavalli-Sforza L. L. and Feldman M. W. (1981). Cultural Transmission and Evolution: a Quantitative Approach, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Cemin, S. C. and Smolin, L. (1997). Coevolution of Membranes and Channels: A Possible Step in the Origin of Life, Journal of Theoretical Biology (October issue) (adap-org/9709004).

Chalmers, D. (1996). The conscious mind: In search of a fundamental theory, Oxford University Press.

Chandler, J. and Van de Vijver, G. (1999). Closure: Emergent Organizations and their Dynamics. Vol. 901 of the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.

Chase, P. & Dibble, H. (1987). Symbolic behavior in the Middle Paleolithic: A review of current evidence and interpretations. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 6: 263-296.

Chase, P. & Dibble, H. (1992) Scientific archaeology and the origins of symbolism: A reply to Bednarik. Cambridge Archaeological Review 2(1): 43-51.

Cheney, D. L. & Seyfarth, R. M. (1990). How monkeys see the world: Inside the mind of another species, University of Chicago Press.

Chomsky, N. (1957). Syntactic structures, Mouton.

Chomsky, N. (1986). Knowledge of language: It's nature, origin and use, Praeger.

Churchland, P. S. & Sejnowski, T. (1992). The Computational Brain. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Combs, A. (1999). Cultural evolution and the brain: Commentary on Gabora on origin-culture. Psycoloquy 10(18).

Corballis, M. C. (1991) The Lopsided Ape: Evolution of the generative mind, Cambridge University Press.

Csanyi, V. (1989). Evolutionary Systems and Society: A General Theory of Life, Mind and Culture, Durham: Duke University Press.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1996). Creativity. New York: Harper.

Cziko, G. (1997). Without miracles: Universal selection theory and the second Darwinian revolution. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Cziko, G. (1998). From blind to creative: In defense of Donald Campbell’s selectionist theory of human creativity. Journal of Creative Behavior, 32(3), 192-212.

Dartnell, T. (1993). Artificial intelligence and creativity: An introduction. Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Intelligence Quarterly 85.

Darwin, C. (1871). The descent of man, John Murray Publications.

Davidson, I. (1991). The archeology of language origins: A review. Antiquity 65: 39-48.

Davis, J., & Rovee-Collier, C. (1983). Alleviated forgetting of a learned contingency in 8-week-old infants. Developmental Psychology, 19: 353-365.

Dawkins, R. (1976). The Selfish Gene, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dawkins, R. (1982). The Extended Phenotype, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Deacon, T. (1997). The symbolic species: The co-evolution of language and the brain, W. W. Norton & Company.

Dennett, D. (1987). Brainstorms. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Dennett, D. (1995). Darwin’s Dangerous Idea. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Dewing, K. & Battye, G. (1971). Attentional deployment and non-verbal fluency. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 17, 214-218.

Dikranjan, D., Giuli, E. & Tozzi, A. (1988). Topological categories and closure operators. Questiones Mathematics, 11(3), 323-337.

Donald, M. (1991). Origins of the modern mind, Harvard University Press.

Donald, M. (1993a). Precis of: Origins of the modern mind: Three stages in the evolution of culture and cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16: 737-791.

Donald, M. (1993b). Human cognitive evolution: What we were, what we are becoming. Social Research 60(1): 143-170.

Donald, M. (2001). A mind so rare. ?PLACE?:Norton Press.

Dunbar, R. (1996). Grooming, gossip, and the evolution of language. London: Faber & Faber.

Dunbar, R. (1993). Coevolution of neocortical size, group size, and language in humans. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16(4): 681-735.

Dupre, J. (2002). The lure of the simplistic, Philosophy of Science, 69: S284-203.

Durham, W. H. (1991). Coevolution: Genes, Culture, and Human Diversity, Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Dykes, M. & McGhie, A. (1976). A comparative study of attentional strategies in schizophrenics and highly creative normal subjects. British Journal of Psychiatry, 128: 50-56.

Edelman, G. (1987). Neural darwinism: The theory of neuronal group selection. New York: Basic Books.

Edelman, G. (2000). Bright air, brilliant fire: On the matter of the mind. New York: Basic Books.

Eigen. M. & Schuster, P. (1979). The hypercycle: A principle of natural self-organization, Springer.

Eldridge, N. and Gould, S. J. (1973). Punctuated Equilibrium: An Alternative to Phyletic Gradualism, in T. Schopf (ed) Models in Paleobiology, San Francisco: Freeman, Cooper and Co., pp. 82-115.

Elman, J. (1996). Rethinking innateness: A connectionist perspective on development, MIT Press.

Erdos, P. & Renyi, A. (1959). On the random graphs 1(6), Institute of Mathematics, University of Debrecenians, Debrecar, Hungary.

Erdos, P. & Renyi, A. (1960). On the evolution of random graphs. Institute of Mathematics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences Publication number 5.

Eysenck, H. J. (1995). Genius: The natural history of creativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Falk, D. (1983). Cerebral cortices of East African early hominids. Science 221: 1072-1074.

Farmer, J. D. Kauffman, S. A. & Packard, N. H. (1987) Autocatalytic replication of polymers. Physica D 22(50).

Farmer, D. and Lo, A. W. (1999). Frontiers of finance: Evolution and efficient markets’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 96, 9991-9992.

Fauconnier, G. & Turner, M. (2002). The way we think: Conceptual blending and the mind's hidden complexities. New York: Basic Books.

Feist, G. J. (1999). The influence of personality on artistic and scientific creativity. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.) Handbook of creativity. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.

Feldman, J.A. & Ballard, D.H. (1982). Connectionist models and their properties. Cognitive Science 6, 205-254.

Felman, D. H. (1999). The development of creativity. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Handbook of Creativity (pp. 169-186). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Felman, D. H., Csikszentmihalyi, M., & Gardner, M. (1994). Changing the world: A framework for the study of creativity. Westport CT: Praeger.

Findlay, C. S., & Lumsden, C. J (1988). The creative mind: Toward an evolutionary theory of discovery and innovation. Journal of Social and Biological Structures, 11: 3-55.

Fisher, R. A. (1930). The genetical theory of natural selection. Clarendon: Oxford University Press.

Fodor, E. M. (1995). Subclinical manifestations of psychosis-proneness, ego-strength, and creativity. Personality and Individual Differences, 18: 635-642.

Fodor, J. (1983). The modularity of mind. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Foldiak, P. & Young, M. P. (1995). Sparse coding in the primate cortex. In Handbook of brain theory and neural networks, ed. M. A. Arbib, 895-898, MIT Press.

nnett, D. (1978):igin of Life’Foley (1987). Another unique species: Patterns in human evolutionary ecology, Academic Press.

Foley, R. (1995). The adaptive legacy of human evolution: a search for the environment of evolutionary adaptedness. Evolutionary Anthropology 4(2): 194-203.

Forst, C. V., Reidys, C., & Weber, J. (1995). Evolutionary dynamics and optimization: Neutral networks as model-landscapes for RNA secondary-structure folding-landscapes. In: Proceedings of Third European Conference on Artificial Life 95, Granada Spain.

Foulis, D., Piron C., and Randall, C. (1983). Realism, operationalism and quantum mechanics, Foundations of Physics, 13(813): 813-41.

Foulis, D. and Randall, C. (1981). What are quantum logics and what ought they to be?, in E.  Beltrametti, E. and B. van Fraassen (eds), Current Issues in Quantum Logic, New York: Plenum, 35.

Friedman, M. (1974). Explanation and Scientific Understanding, Journal of Philosophy 71, pp. 19. Reprinted in Pitt (ed), Theories of Explanation, 1988, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gabora, L. (1995). Meme and Variations: A Computer Model of Cultural Evolution, in L. Nadel and D. Stein (eds), 1993 Lectures in Complex Systems, Boston: Addison-Wesley, pp. 471-86.

Gabora, L. (1996). A day in the life of a meme, Philosophica, 57: 901-38.

Gabora, L. (1997) The origin and evolution of culture and creativity. Journal of Memetics 1(1) 1-28.

Gabora, L. (1998). Autocatalytic Closure in a Cognitive System: A Tentative Scenario for the Origin of Culture, Psycoloquy 9(67): 1-26. (adap-org/9901002).

Gabora, L. (1999). Weaving, bending, patching, mending the fabric of reality: A cognitive science perspective on worldview inconsistency. Foundations of Science, 3(2): 395-428.

Gabora, L. (2000a). Conceptual closure: Weaving memories into an interconnected worldview. In G. Van de Vijver and J. Chandler (Eds.) Closure: Emergent Organizations and their Dynamics. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 901: 42-53.

Gabora, L. (2000b). Toward a theory of creative inklings. In R. Ascott (Ed.) Art, Technology, and Consciousness. (pp. 159-164) Bristol, UK: Intellect Press.

Gabora, L. (2000bc). From Double Aspect Theory to Human Consciousness’, Consciousness and Cognition 9(2): S78.

Gabora (2001). Cognitive mechanisms underlying the origin and evolution of culture. Doctoral thesis, Free University of Brussels.

Gabora, L. (2002a). The beer can theory of creativity. In P. Bentley & D. Corne (Eds.) Creative Evolutionary Systems (pp. 147-161). San Francisco CA: Morgan Kauffman.

Gabora, L. (2002b). Cognitive mechanisms underlying the creative process. In T. Hewett and T. Kavanagh (Eds.) Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Creativity and Cognition (pp. 126-133). October 13-16, Loughborough University, UK.

Gabora, L. (2002c). Amplifying phenomenal information: Toward a fundamental theory of consciousness, Journal of Consciousness Studies, 9: 3-29. (adap-org/9911003)

Gabora, L. & Aerts, D. (2002d). Contextualizing concepts. Proceedings of the 15th International FLAIRS Conference, Pensacola Florida, May 16-18, American Association for Artificial Intelligence.

Gabora, L. (2003). Contextual focus: A cognitive explanation for the cultural revolution of the Middle/Upper Paleolithic. In R. Alterman & D. Kirsh (Eds.) Proceedings of the 25th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Boston MA, July 31-August 2. Hillsdale NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Gabora, L. (2004). Ideas are not replicators but minds are. Biology and Philosophy, 19(1): 127-143.

Gabora, L. & Aerts, D. (2002). Contextualizing concepts using a mathematical generalization of the quantum formalism. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 14(4): 327-358.

Gabora, L. & Aerts, D. (submitted). Evolution as context-driven actualization of potential.

Gabora, L. and Aerts, D. (in press). Creative thought as a non-Darwinian evolutionary process, To appear in Journal of Creative Behavior.

Gabora, L. and Deses, D. Transforming memories into a model of the world through conceptual closure, in preparation.

Galef, Jr. B. G. (1988). Imitation in animals: History, definition, and interpretation of data from the psychological laboratory. In: Social learning: Psychological and biological perspectives, T. R. Zentall and B. G. Galef, eds., Lawrence Earlbaum, 3-28.

Gardner, M. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books.

Geertz, C. (1973) The interpretation of cultures: Selected essays, Basic Books.

Gelman, R. (1993). A rational-constructivist account of early learning about numbers and objects. In D. Medin (Ed.) Learning and motivation (pp. 61-96). New York: Academic Press.

Gentner, D. (1983). Structure mapping: A theoretical framework for analogy. Cognitive Science, 7: 155-170.

Gerrig, R. and Murphy, G. (1992). Contextual Influences on the comprehension of complex concepts, Language and Cognitive Processes, 7: 205-230.

Gould, S. J. (1991). Bully for Brontosaurus: Reflections in Natural History (pp. 63-66). New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Gruber, H. E. (1989). The evolving systems approach to creative work. In D. B. Wallace & H. E. Gruber (Eds.) Creative People at Work (pp. 3-24). New York: Oxford University Press.

Hadamard, J. (1949). The Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Haldane, J. B. S. (1932). The causes of evolution. New York: Longman.

Hallpike, C. R. (1986). The principles of social evolution. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Hampton, J. (1997). Inheritance of attributes in natural concept conjunctions, Memory & Cognition, 15: 55-71.

Hancock, P.J.B., Smith, L.S. & Phillips, W.A. (1991). A biologically supported error-correcting learning rule. Neural Computation, 3, 2, 201-212.

Hebb, D. (1949). The Organization of behavior. New York: Wiley.

Heit, E. and Barsalou, L. (1996). The instantiation principle in natural language categories, Memory, 4: 13-451.

Heyes, C. M. (1998). Theory of mind in nonhuman primates. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21(1): 104-134.

Hinton, G. E. (1990). Implementing semantic networks in parallel hardware. In Parallel models of associative memory, eds. G. E. Hinton and J. A. Anderson, 161-187, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hinton, G. E. & J. A. Anderson. (1981). Parallel models of associative memory. Hillsdale NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hinton, G., McClelland, J. & Rummelhart, D. (1986). Distributed representations. In D. Rummelhart,  & J.McClelland (Eds.) Parallel distributed processing. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.   

Hofbauer, J. and Sigmund, K. (1988). The Theory of Evolution and Dynamical Systems, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Holden, S. B. & Niranjan, M. (1997). Average-case learning curves for radial basis function networks. Neural Computation 9(2): 441-460.

Homa D., Sterling S., and Trepel L. (1981). Limitations of exemplar-based generalization and the abstraction of categorical information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory 7: 418-39.

Hopfield, J. J. (1982). Neural networks and physical systems with emergent collective computational abilities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 79: 2554-2558.

Hopfield, J. J., Feinstein, D. L. & Palmer, R. G. (1983). "Unlearning" has a stabilizing effect in collective memories. Nature, 304: 158-159.

Houghton, P. (1993). Neanderthal supralaryngeal vocal tract. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 90: 139-146.

Howard-Jones, P. A. & Murray, S. (2003). Ideational productivity, focus of attention, and context. Creativity Research Journal, 15(2&3), 153-166.

Hoyle, F. & Wickramasinghe, N. C. (1981). Evolution from space, Dent.

Joyce, G. F. (1987). Non-enzymatic, template-directed synthesis of informational macromolecules. In: Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 52. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York.

Hull, D. L. (1988). Science as a Process: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hull, D. L., Langman, R. E., & Glenn, S. S. (2001). A general account of selection: Biology, immunology, and behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24(3): 511-573.

James, W. (1890/1950). The principles of psychology. New York: Dover.

Jeffreys, M. (2000). The meme metaphor. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 43(2): 227-242.

Jerne, N. (1967). Antibodies and learning: selection versus instruction. In G. Quarton, T. Melnechuk, & F. Schmitt (Eds.), The Neurosciences: A Study Program (pp. 200-205). New York: Rockefeller University Press.

Johnson-Laird, P.N. (1983). Mental models. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.  

Kampis, G. (1991): Self-Modifying Systems in Biology and Cognitive Science: A New Framework for Dynamics, Information and Complexity, New York: Pergamon Press.

Kanerva, P. (1988). Sparse Distributed Memory. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1986). From meta-processes to conscious access: Evidence from children’s metalinguistic and repair data. Cognition 23: 95-147.

Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1990). Constraints on representational change: Evidence from children’s drawing. Cognition, 34: 57-83.

Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1992). Beyond modularity: A developmental perspective on cognitive science. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Kauffman, S. (1993). Origins of order. Oxford UK: Oxford University Press.

Kauffman, S. (1999). Darwinism, NeoDarwinism, and the Autocatalytic Model of Culture, Commentary on ‘Autocatalytic Closure in a Cognitive System: A Tentative Scenario for the Origin of Culture’ by L. Gabora, Psycoloquy, 10(22).

Keil, F. C. (1995). The growth of causal understandings of natural kinds. In S. Sperber, D. Premack, & A. Premack (Eds.) Causal cognition: A multidisciplinary debate (pp. 234-262). Cambridge: Oxford University Press.

Kitcher, P. (1981). Explanatory unification, Philosophy of Science, 48, pp. 507-31.

Kitcher, P. (1993). The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, New York: Oxford University Press.

Klein, R. (1989) Biological and behavioral perspectives on modern human origins in South Africa. In: The human revolution, eds. P. Mellars and C. Stringe, Edinburgh University Press, 530-546.

Koestler, A. (1964). The Act of Creation. Macmillan.

Komatsu, L. (1992). Recent views of conceptual structure, Psychological Bulletin, 112: 500-526.

Kruschke, J. (1992). ALCOVE: an exemplar-based connectionist model of category learning. Psychological Review, 99: 22-44.

Kussul, E. M., Rachkovskij, D. A. & Baidyk, T. N. (1991). Associative-projection neural networks: Atchitecture, implementation, applications. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Neural Networks and their Applications, Nimes France, 463-476. 

Lake, M. (1998). Digging for memes: The role of material objects in cultural evolution, in C. Renfrew & C. Scarre (eds.), Cognition and Material Culture: The Archeology of Symbolic Storage, McDonald Institute Monographs, pp. 77-88.

Laland, K., Odling-Smee, J., & Feldman, M. W. (1999). Niche construction, biological evolution and cultural change. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23(1): 131—175.

Langton, C.G. (1992). Life at the edge of chaos. In: Artificial life II, eds. C. G. Langton, C. Taylor, J. D. Farmer & S. Rasmussen, Addison-Wesley.

Lansner, A. & Ekeberg, O. (1985). Reliability and speed of recall in an associative network. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 7: 490-498.

Leakey, R. (1984). The origins of humankind. New York: Science Masters Basic Books.

Leslie, A. (2000). Theory of mind as a mechanism of selective attention. Rutgers University Tech Report 061.

Lieberman, P. (1991). Uniquely human: The evolution of speech, thought, and selfless behavior, Harvard University Press.

Lorenz, K. (1971). Studies in animal and human behavior. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.

Lu, Y.W., Sundararajan, N. & Saratchandran, P. (1997). A sequential learning scheme for function approximation using minimal radial basis function neural networks. Neural Computation 9, 2, 461-478.

Lumsden, C. J. (1999). Evolving creative minds: Stories and mechanisms. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Handbook of Creativity (pp.153-168). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Lumsden, C. and Wilson, E. (1981). Genes, Mind, and Culture: The Coevolutionary Process, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Mackey, G. (1963). Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics, Reading MA: John Benjamin.

Maddox, W. T. and Ashby F. G. (1993). Comparing decision bound and exemplar models of categorization. Perception and Psychophysics 53: 49-70.

Margulis, L. and Fester, R. (1991): Symbiosis as a Source of Evolutionary Innovation, Cambridge: MIT Press.

Marr, D. A. (1969). theory of the cerebellar cortex. Journal of Physiology, 202, 437-470.

Martindale, C.  (1977). Creativity, consciousness, and cortical arousal. Journal of Altered States of Consciousness, 3, 69-87.

Martindale, C. (1999). Biological bases of creativity. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.) Handbook of creativity. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.

Martindale, C. & Armstrong, J. (1974). The relationship of creativity to cortical activation and its operant control. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 124, 311-320.

Martindale, C. & Hasenfus, N. (1978). EEG differences as a function of creativity, stage of the creative process, and effort to be original. Biological Psychology, 6, 157-167.

Maturana, H. & Varela, F. (1973/1980). Autopoeisis and cognition: The realization of the living. Boston: Reidel.

Maturana, H. R. & Varela, F. J. (1987). The tree of knowledge: The biological roots of human understanding, Shambhala.

Matzel, L., Collin, C., & Alkon, D. (1992). Biophysical and behavioral correlates of memory storage: Degradation and reactivation. Behavioral Neuroscience, 106: 954-963.

Mednick, S. (1962). The associative basis of the creative process. Psychological Review, 69, 220-232.

Mendelsohn, G. A. (1976). Associative and attentional processes in creative performance. Journal of Personality, 44, 341-369. 

Metzinger, T. (1995). Faster than thought: Holism, homogeneity, and temporal coding. In T. Metzinger (Ed.) Conscious Experience. Thorverton U.K: Schoningh/Academic Imprint.

McCoy, J. M. & Evans, G. W. (2002). The potential role of the physical environment in fostering creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 14(384), 409-426.

Medin, D., Altom, M., and Murphy, T. (1984). Given versus induced category representations: Use of prototype and exemplar information in classification, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 10, 333-352.

Medin, D. and Schaffer, M. M. (1978). A context theory of classification learning, Psychological Review, 85, 207-238.

Medin, D. and Shoben, E. (1988). Context and structure in conceptual combinations, Cognitive Psychology, 20, 158-190.

Mednick, S. A. (1962). The associative basis of the creative process. Psychological Review 69: 220-232.

Mellars, P. (1973). The character of the middle-upper transition in south-west France. In: The explanation of culture change, ed. C. Renfrew, Duckworth, 255-276.

Mellars, P. (1989a). Technological changes in the Middle-Upper Paleolithic transition: economic, social, and cognitive perspectives. In: The human revolution, P. Mellars and C. Stringer, eds., Edinburgh University Press, 338-365.

Mellars, P. (1989b) Major issues in the emergence of modern humans. Current Anthropology 30: 349-385.

Mendelsohn, G. A. (1976) Associative and attentional processes in creative performance. Journal of Personality 44: 341-369.

Metcalfe, J. S. (2001). Consumption, preferences, and the evolutionary agenda, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 11(1), 37-58.

Miller, S. L. (1955). Production of some organic compounds under possible primitive earth conditions. Journal of the American Chemistry Society 77: 23-51.

Mithen, S. (1996). The prehistory of the mind: A search for the origins of art, science, and religion, Thames & Hudson.

Mithen, S. (1998). A creative explosion? Theory of mind, language, and the disembodied mind of the Upper Paleolithic. In: Creativity in human evolution and prehistory, ed. S. Mithen, Routledge.

Morowitz, H. J. (1992). The Beginnings of Cellular Life, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Murphy, G. and Medin, D. (1985). The role of theories in conceptual coherence, Psychological Review, 92, 289-316.

Neisser, U. (1963). The multiplicity of thought. British Journal of Psychology, 54, 1-14.

Newman S. A. & Müller, G. B. (1999). Morphological evolution: Epigenetic mechanisms. In Embryonic Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. London: Nature Publishing Group.

Nosofsky, R. (1986). Attention, similarity, and the identification-categorization relationship, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 115, 39-57.

Nosofsky, R. (1988). Exemplar-based accounts of relations between classification, recognition, and typicality, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 14, 700-708.

Nosofsky, R. (1992). Exemplars, prototypes, and similarity rules, in From Learning Theory to Connectionist Theory: Essays in Honor of William K. Estes, eds. Healy, A., Kosslyn, S. and Shiffrin, R., Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale NJ.

Nosofsky, R. & Kruschke, J. (1992). Investigations of an exemplar-based connectionist model of category learning. In D. L. Medin (Ed.) The psychology of learning and motivation, 28, 207-250.

Nosofsky, R. M., Kruschke, J. K., and McKinley, S. C. (1992). Combining exemplar-based category representations and connectionist learning rules. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 18: 211-33.

Nosofsky, R. M., Palmeri, T. J., McKinley, S. C. (1994). Rule-plus-exception model of classification learning. Psychological Review 101: 53-79.

Okasha, S. (2001). Which processes are selection processes?, Commentary on Hull, D. L., Langman, R. E., & Glenn, S. S., A general account of selection: Biology, immunology, and behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24(3), 548-549.

Orgel, L. E. (1987) Evolution of the genetic apparatus: A review. In Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 52. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York.

Orsucci, F. (1998) The Complex Matters of the Mind, World Scientific.

Oparin, A. I. (1971). Routes for the origin of the first forms of life, Subcellular and Cellular Biochemistry, 1(75), pp. 75-81.

Palm, G. (1980). On associative memory. Biological Cybernetics 36, 19-31.

Pattee, H. H. (1996). The problem of observables in models of biological organizations, in E. L. Khalil and K. E. Boulding (eds) Evolution, Order, and Complexity, London: Routledge.

Peng, K. and Nisbett, R. E. (in press) Naïve dialecticism and its effects on reasoning and judgement about contradiction. American Psychologist.

Pepper, J. W. & Knudsen, T. (2001). Selection without multiple replicators? Commentary on Hull, D. L., Langman, R. E., & Glenn, S. S., A general account of selection: Biology, immunology, and behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24(3), 550.

Perkins, D. N. (1998). In the country of the blind: An appreciation of Donald Campbell’s vision of creative thought. Journal of Creative Behavior, 32(3), 177-191.

Perkins, D. N. ( 2000). Archimede’ bathtub: The art and logic of breakthrough thinking. New York: W. W. Norton and Company.

Piaget, J. (1926). The language and thought of the child. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Pinker, S. (1995). The language instinct, Harper Perrenial.

Pinker, S. (1997). How the mind works. New York: Harper.

Piron, C. (1976). Foundations of Quantum Physics, Reading, MA: W. A. Benjamin.

Piron, C. (1989). Recent Developments in Quantum Mechanics’, Helvetica Physica Acta, 62(82), pp. 439-68.

Piron, C. (1990). Mécanique quantique: bases et applications, Lausanne, Suisse: Press Polytechnique de Lausanne.

Pitowsky, I. (1989). Quantum Probability—Quantum Logic: Lecture Notes in Physics 321, Berlin: Springer.

Pitt, J. C. (1988). Theories of Explanation, New York: Oxford University Press.

Plotkin, H. (1997). Darwin Machines and the Nature of Knowledge, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Poincare, H. (1913). The foundations of science. Lancaster PA: Science Press.

Popper, K. (1963). Conjectures and refutations. New York: Routledge.

Posner, M. (1964). Information reduction in the analysis of sequential tasks. Psychological Review, 71, 491-504.

Premak, D. & Woodruff, G. (1978) Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1: 515-526.

Preti, A. (1999). Creativity, Genetics and Mental Illness. Psycoloquy 10(016) Origin Culture (6).

Pribram, K. H., ed. (1994). Origins: Brain and self organization, Erlbaum.

Prigogine, I. & Stengers, I. (1984). Order out of chaos, Bantam Books.

Randall, C. & Foulis, D. (1976). A mathematical setting for inductive reasoning. In C. Hooker (Ed.), Foundations of Probability Theory, Statistical Inference, and Statistical Theories of Science (vol. III, pp. 169). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.

Randall, C. and Foulis, D. (1978). The operational approach to quantum mechanics, in C. Hooker (ed), Physical Theories as Logico-Operational Structures 167, Dordrecht, Holland: Reidel.

Richards, R. Kinney, D., Lunde, I., Benet, M., & Merzel, A. (1988). Creativity in manic depressives, cyclothymes, their normal relatives, and control subjects. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 97, 281-289.

Richerson, P. & Boyd, R. (2000). The pleistocene and the origins of human culture: Built for speed. In: Perspectives in Ethology 13, F. Tonneau and N. Thompson, eds, 1-45.

Riecke, F. & Warland, D. (1997). Spikes: Exploring the neural code. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Riegler, A. Peschl, M. and von Stein, A. (1999). Understanding Representation in the Cognitive Sciences (Dordrecht Holland: Kluwer Academic).

Rips, L. J. (1995). The current status of research on concept combination, Mind and Language, 10, 72-104.

Rips, L. J. (2001). Necessity and natural categories. Psychological Bulletin, 127(6), 827-852.

Rivkin, J. W. (2001). Reproducing knowledge: Replication without imitation at moderate complexity, Organizational Science, 12(3), 274-293.

Robert, M. (1990) Observational learning in fish, birds, and mammals: A classified bibliography spanning over 100 years of research. Psychological Record 40: 289-311.

Rosch, E. (1973). Natural Categories, Cognitive Psychology, 4, 328-350.

Rosch, E. (1975). Cognitive reference points, Cognitive Psychology, 7, 532-547.

Rosch (1978). Principles of categorization. In Rosch, E. & Lloyd, B. (Eds.) Cognition and Categorization.  Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Rosch, E. (1983). Prototype classification and logical classification: The two systems, in New Trends in Conceptual Representation: Challenges to Piaget’s Theory?, ed. Scholnick, E. K., Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ.

Rosch, E. (1999). Reclaiming concepts, Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6, 61-78.

Rosch, R. (2002). What Buddhist meditation has to tell psychology about the mind. Talk delivered at The American Psychological Association, August 23.

Rosch, E. and Mervis, C. (1975). Family resemblances: Studies in the internal structure of categories, Cognitive Psychology, 7, 573-605.

Rosch, E., Mervis, C. B., Gray, W. D., and Boyes-Braem, P. (1976), Basic objects in natural categories, Cognitive Psychology, 8, 382-439.

Rosen, R. (1985). Anticipatory Systems: Philosophical, Mathematical & Methodological Foundations. New York: Oxford.

Rosen, R. (1991). Life itself: A comprehensive inquiry into the nature, origin, and fabrication of life, Columbia University Press.

Ruff, C. B., Trinkaus, E., & Holliday, T. W. (1997) Body mass and encephalization in Pleistocene Homo. Nature 387: 173-176.

Russell, B. (1948). Human knowledge: It's scope and limits, Simon and Schuster.

Rovee-Collier, C., Hartshorn, K., & DiRubbo, M. (1999). Long-term maintenance of infant memory. Developmental Psychobiology, 35, 91-102.

Rozin, P. (1976). The evolution of intelligence and access to the cognitive unconscious. In J. M. Sprague & A. N. Epstein (Eds.) Progress in psychobiology and physiological psychology. New York: Academic Press.

Rumelhart, D. E. & McClelland, J. L. Eds. (1986). Parallel distributed processing. Cambridge MA: Bradford/MIT Press.

Rumelhart, D. E. and Norman, D. A. (1988). Representation in memory, in Stevens’ Handbook of Experimental Psychology, eds. Atkinson, R. C., Hernsein, R. J., Lindzey, G. and Luce, R. D., Wiley, New York.

Russ, S. W. (1993). Affect and creativity. Hillsdale NJ: Erlbaum.

Savage-Rumbaugh, E. S., & Lewin, R. (1994). Kanzi: The ape at the brink of the human mind, Wiley.

Saviotti, P. P. and Mani, G. S. (1995). Competition, variety, and technological evolution: A replicator dynamics model, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 5(4), 369-92.

Schank, R., & Abelson, R. P. (1977). Scripts, plans, goals, and understanding: An inquiry into human knowledge structures, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Schepartz, L. A. (1993). Language and modern human origins. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 36: 91-126.

Schuster, P., Fontana, W., Stadler, P. F., & Hofacker, I. L. (1994) From sequences to shapes and back: A case study in RNA secondary structures. Proc. Roy. Soc. (London)B, 255: 279-284.

Schuster, P. and Sigmund, K. (1983): ‘Replicator Dynamics’, Journal of Theoretical Biology, 100, pp. 533-38.

Schwartz, J. H. (1999). Sudden origins. New York: Wiley.

Simonton, D. K. (1984). Genius, creativity and leadership: Historiometric inquiries. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.

Simonton, D. K. (1998). Donald Campbell’s model of the creative process: Creativity as blind variation and selective retention. Journal of Creative Behavior, 32(3), 153-158.

Simonton, D. K. (1999a). Origins of genius: Darwinian perspectives on creativity. New York: Oxford.

Simonton, D. K. (1999b). Creativity as blind variation and selective retention: Is the creative process Darwinian? Psychological Inquiry, 10, 309-328.

Simonton, D. K. (1999c). Creativity from a historiometric perspective. . In: Handbook of creativity, ed. R. J. Sternberg, Cambridge University Press, 116-136.

Simonton, D. K. (in press). Exceptional creativity and chance: Creative thought as a stochastic combinatorial process. In L. V. Shavinina & M. Ferrari (Eds.), Beyond Knowledge: Extracognitive Facets in Developing High Ability. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Sims, C. (1991). Artificial evolution for computer graphics’, Computer Graphics, 25(4), 325-27.

Sloman, S. (1996). The empirical case for two systems of Reasoning. Psychological Bulletin, 9(1), 3-22.

Smith, G. J. W. & Van de Meer, G. (1994). Creativity through psychosomatics. Creativity Research Journal, 7, 159-170.

Smith, W. J. (1977) The behavior of communicating, Harvard University Press.

Smolensky, P. (1988). On the proper treatment of connectionism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 11, 1-43.

Sober, E. & Wilson, D. S. (1994). A critical review of philosophical work on the units of selection problem. Philosophy of Science, 49, 157-180.

Soffer, O. (1994). Ancestral lifeways in Eurasia—The Middle and Upper Paleolithic records. In: Origins of anatomically modern humans, M. Nitecki and D. Nitecki, eds. 23-66, Plenum Press.

Spector, L. and Luke, S (1996a). Culture enhances the evolvability of cognition, in Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, G. Cottrell (ed.), Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 672-77.

Spector, L. and Luke, S (1996b). Cultural transmission of information in genetic programming, in Genetic Programming 1996: Proceedings of the First Annual Conference, J. R. Koza, D. E. Goldberg, D. B. Fogel, and R. L. Riolo (eds.), Cambridge MA: MIT Press, pp. 209-14.

Spelke, E. S. (2000). Core knowledge. American Psychologist, 55(11), 1233-1243.

Sperber, D. (1994). The modularity of thought and the epidemiology of representations. In  L. A. Hirshfield & S. A. Gelman (Eds.) Mapping the mind: Domain specificity in cognition and culture, Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.

Steels, L. (1996). The origins of intelligence. In: Proceedings of the Carlo Erba Foundation Conference on Artificial Life, Fondazione Carlo Erba.

Sternberg, R. J. (1998). Cognitive mechanisms in human creativity: Is variation blind or sighted? Journal of Creative Behavior, 32(3), 159-176.

Sternberg, R. J., Kaufman, J. C. & Pretz, J. E. (2001). The propulsion model of creative contributions applied to the arts and letters.  Journal of Creative Behavior, 35(2), 75-101.

Sternberg, R. J. & Lubart, T. I. (1995). Defying the crowd: Cultivating creativity in a culture of conformity. New York: Free Press.

Stringer, C. & Gamble, C. (1993). In search of the Neanderthals, Thames & Hudson.

Thagard, P. (1980). Against evolutionary epistomology. In P. D. Asquith & R. N. Giere (Eds.) PSA 1980, p. 187-96.

Thomas R. D. (1998). Learning correlations in categorization tasks using large, ill-defined categories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 24: 119-43.

Tobias, P. V. (1987). The brain of Homo habilis: A new level of organization in cerebral evolution. Journal of Human Evolution 16: 741-761.

Tomasello, M. (2000) The cultural origins of human cognition, MIT Press.

Tonini, G., Sporns, O., Edelman, G. M. (1992) Reentry and the problem of integrating multiple cortical areas: Simulation of dynamic integration in the visual system. Cerebellar Cortex 2: 310-335.

Tooby, J. & Cosmides, L. (1989). Evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture, Part I. Ethology and Sociobiology 10: 29-49.

Varela, F. J. (1979). Principles of biological autonomy, North-Holland.

Varela, F. (1979). Principles of Biological Autonomy, New York: Elsevier/North-Holland.

Von der Malsburg, C. (1986). Am I thinking assemblies? In G. Palm & A. Aertsen (Eds.) Proceedings of the 1984 Trieste Meeting on Brain Theory. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Von Neumann, J. (1966). Theory of self-reproducing automata, University of Illinois Press.

Wallas, G. (1926). The Art of Thought. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.

Weisberg, R. Creativity: Genius and Other Myths. Freeman Press, New York, 1986.

Wenchi, Y. and Barsalou, L. W. (2003). The situated nature of concepts, Preprint, in review.

White, R. (1982). Re-thinking the Middle/Upper Paleolithic transition. Current Anthropology 23: 169-192.

White, R. (1993). Technological and social dimensions of ‘Aurignacian-Age’ body ornaments across Europe. In: Before Lascaux: The Complex Record of the Early Upper Paleolithic, eds. H. Knecht, A. Pike-Tay, & R. White, CRC Press, 247-299.

Willshaw, D. J., Buneman, O. P., & Longuet-Higgins, H. C. (1969). Non-holographic associative memory. Nature 222: 960-962.

Willshaw, D. J. (1981). Holography, associative memory, and inductive generalization. In Parallel models of associative memory, eds. G.E. Hinton & J. A. Anderson, Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, 83-104.

Willshaw, D. J. & Dayan, P. (1990). Optimal plasticity from matrix memory: What goes up must come down. Journal of Neural Computation 2, 85-93.

Wilson, E. O. (1975). Sociobiology: The new synthesis, Harvard University Press.

Witt, U. (1992). Evolutionary concepts in economics, Eastern Economic Journal, 18, 405-19.

Wright, S. (1931).  Evolution in Mendelian populations. Genetics, 16, 97-159.

Ziman, J., Ed. (2000). Technical innovation as an evolutionary process. New York: Cambridge University Press.