Centre for Ethics and Humanism
Centrum voor Ethiek en Humanisme

When: Monday 10 October 2016 – 11.00

Where: Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussel, room D.3.04 (more…)

Pantheism is the view that God is identical with the universe. The term, a composition of the Greek words πᾶν pān “all”/“the cosmos” and θεός theós “God”, was coined only in the late 17th century, but pantheistic views have a longstanding tradition going back to ancient and Renaissance philosophy. After the Irish freethinker John Toland  (Pantheisticon, 1720) advocated it in the early 18th century, it became a major current in the metaphysics of the Enlightenment and a heatedly discussed alternative to Christian theism. From the 1780s onwards Spinozism was usually labeled as ‘pantheism’.

The lecture will give special emphasis to the following topics: pantheism in the pre-Enlightenment philosophy; John Toland’s pantheism; Lessing and the ‘Pantheism Controversy’; the relationship of pantheism and atheism; the question whether Spinozism is correctly understood as pantheism. (more…)