Prof. Dr. Joeri Hofmans
  • Research unit: Work & Organizational Psychology (WOPs)
    Pleinlaan 2
    1050 Brussel
    phone: +32-2-629 24 86
    fax: +32-2-629 24 89
    office: 3C257



  • Doctor in Psychological Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 2007
  • Licentiate in Psychological Sciences, Work & Organizational Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 2004

Academic career

  • Associate Professor, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 2015-current position
  • Assistant Professor, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 2010-2015
  • Post Doctoral Researcher, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 2007-2010
  • Research Assistant, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 2004-2007

Industrial career

  • Internship TNS Dimarso, market researcher, 2003-2004
  • Chief R&D, Twegos, 2016-present


  • Introduction to work and organizational psychology
  • Survey research
  • Masterproof I
  • Internships


PhD thesis

  • Hofmans, J. (2007). A (psycho)metric analysis of self-anchoring scales. Vrije Universiteit Brussel (promotor: Prof. Theuns) 
  • Research interests

    • Personality dynamics
    • Contextualised personality and emotion research
    • Leadership 
    • Within-person fluctuations
    • Research methods


    List of Publications

    In press

    Hofmans, J., De Clercq, B., Kuppens, P., Verbeke, L., & Widiger, T.A. (in press). Testing the structure and process of personality using ambulatory assessment data: An overview of within-person and person-specific techniques. Psychological Assessment

    Hofmans, J., Dóci, E., Solinger, O.N., Choi, W., & Judge, T.A. (in press). Capturing the dynamics of leader-follower interactions: stalemates and future theoretical progress. Journal of Organizational Behavior

    Hofmans, J., & Vantilborgh, T. (in press). Capturing perceptions of psychological contract fulfilment and breach. In Y. Griep and C. Cooper (Eds.). Handbook of research on the psychological contract at work. Edward Elgar Publishing.

    Hofmans, J., Vantilborgh, T., & Solinger, O.N. (in press). k-centres Functional Clustering: A person-centered approach to modeling complex nonlinear growth trajectories. Organizational Research Methods

    Sosnowska, J., Hofmans, J., & De Fruyt, F. (in press). Relating emotional arousal to work vigour: A dynamic systems perspective. Personality and Individual Differences

    Sosnowska, J., Hofmans, J., & Lievens, F. (in press). Assessing personality dynamics in personnel selection. In J. F. Rauthmann (Ed.). The handbook of personality dynamics and processes. Elsevier

    Straub, C., Vinkenburg, C., van Kleef, M., & Hofmans, J. (in press). Effective HR implementation: The impact of supervisor support for policy use on employee perceptions and attitudes. The International Journal of Human Resource Management

    Vantilborgh, T., Hofmans, J., & Judge, T.A. (in press). The time has come to study dynamics at work. Journal of Organizational Behavior

    Vergauwe, J., Kaiser, R., Wille, B., De Fruyt, F., & Hofmans, J. (in press). A method for capturing context in the assessment of leaders: The "Too Little/Too Much" rating scale. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice.


    De Gieter, S., Hofmans, J., & Bakker, A.B. (2018). Need satisfaction at work, job strain, and performance: a diary study. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 23, 361-372.

    Joly, J.K., Hofmans, J., & Loewen, P. (2018). Personality and party ideology among politicians. A closer look at political elites from Canada and Belgium. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00552

    Vergauwe, J., Wille, B., Hofmans, J., Kaiser, R., & De Fruyt, F. (2018). The double-edged sword of leader charisma: Understanding the curvilinear relationship between charismatic personality and leader effectiveness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 114, 110-130.

    Vergauwe, J., Wille, B., Hofmans, J., Kaiser, R., & De Fruyt, F. (2018). Too much charisma can make leaders look less effective. Leadership Presence, Harvard Business Review's Emotional Intelligence Series.


    Bal, M.P., Hofmans, J., & Polat, T. (2017). Breaking psychological contracts with the burden of workload: A weekly study of job resources as moderators. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 66, 143-167.

    Bidee, J., Vantilborgh, T., Pepermans, R., Willems, J., Jegers, M., & Hofmans, J. (2017). Daily motivation of volunteers in health care organizations: Relating team inclusion and intrinsic motivation using self-determination theory. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 26, 325-336.

    Debusscher, J., Hofmans, J., & De Fruyt, F. (2017). Core Self-Evaluations as a moderator of the relationship between task complexity, job resources and performance. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 26, 411-420.

    Debusscher, J., Hofmans, J., & De Fruyt, F. (2017). The multiple face(t)s of state conscientiousness: Predicting task performance and organizational citizenship behavior. Journal of Research in Personality, 69, 78-85.

    De Clercq, B., Hofmans, J., Vergauwe, J., De Fruyt, F., & Sharp, C. (2017). Developmental pathways of childhood dark traits. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 126, 843-858.

    De Clercq, B., Verbeke, L., De Caluwé, E., Vercruysse, T., & Hofmans, J. (2017). Understanding adolescent personality pathology from growth trajectories of childhood oddity. Development and Psychopathology, 29, 1403-1411.

    Hofmans, J. (2017). Modeling psychological contract violation using dual regime models: an event-based approach. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01948

    Judge, T.A., Hofmans, J., & Wille, B. (2017). Situational judgement tests and the measurement of personality: some answers and more questions. European Journal of Personality, 31, 441-502.

    Mullet, E., Hofmans, J., & Schlottmann, A. (2017). Individual differences in information integration studies of children’s judgment/decision-making: Combining group with single-subject design via cluster analysis. In M. Toplak & J. Weller (Eds.). Individual differences in judgment and decision making from a developmental context (pp. 186-209). New York: Routledge.

    Vergauwe, J., Wille, B., Hofmans, J., & De Fruyt, F. (2017). Development of a Five-Factor Model charisma compound and its relations to career outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 99, 24-39.

    Vergauwe, J., Wille, B., Hofmans, J., Kaiser, R., & De Fruyt, F. (2017). The "Too Little/Too Much" Scale: A new rating format for detecting curvilinear effects. Organizational Research Methods, 20, 518-544.

    Vergauwe, J., Wille, B., Hofmans, J., Kaiser, R., & De Fruyt, F. (2017). Too much charisma can make leaders look less effective. Harvard Business Review, vol. published online.


    Bidee, J., Vantilborgh, T., Pepermans, R., Griep, Y., & Hofmans, J. (2016). Temporal dynamics of need satisfaction and need frustration. Two sides of the same coin? European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 25, 900-913.

    Debusscher, J., Hofmans, J., & De Fruyt, F. (2016). The effect of state Core Self-Evaluations on task performance, organizational citizenship behaviour, and counterproductive work behaviour. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 25, 89-104.

    Debusscher, J., Hofmans, J., & De Fruyt, F. (2016). From State Neuroticism to Momentary Task Performance: A Person x Situation Approach. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 25, 301-315.

    Debusscher, J., Hofmans, J., & De Fruyt, F. (2016). Do personality states predict momentary task performance? The moderating role of personality variability. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 89, 330-351.

    Solinger, O.N., Hofmans, J., Bal, P.M., & Jansen, P.G.W. (2016). Bouncing back from psychological contract breach: How commitment recovers over time. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 37, 494-514

    Spanouli, A., & Hofmans, J. (2016). Walking the tightrope: Counterproductive work behavior as compensation for citizenship demands. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01530

    Vantilborgh, T., Bidee, J., Pepermans, R., Griep, Y., & Hofmans, J. (2016). Antecedents of psychological contract breach: The role of job demands, job resources, and affect. PloS ONE, DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0154696.


    De Gieter, S., & Hofmans, J. (2015). How reward satisfaction affects employees' turnover intentions and performance: An individual differences approach. Human Resource Management Journal, 25, 200-216.

    Dóci, E., & Hofmans, J. (2015). Task complexity and transformational leadership: the mediating role of leaders' state core self-evaluations. The Leadership Quarterly, 26, 436-447.

    Dóci, E., Stouten, J., & Hofmans, J. (2015). The cognitive-behavioral system of leadership: Cognitive antecedents of active and passive leadership behaviors. Frontiers in Psychology, 6: 1344. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01344

    Hofmans, J., Debusscher, J., Dóci, E., Spanouli, A., & De Fruyt, F. (2015). The curvilinear relationship between work pressure and momentary task performance: The role of state and trait Core Self-Evaluations. Frontiers in Psychology, 6: 1680. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01680

    Hofmans, J., Ceulemans, E., Steinley, D., & Van Mechelen, I. (2015). On the added value of bootstrap analysis for K-means clustering. Journal of Classification, 32, 268-284.

    Gelens, J., Dries, N., Hofmans, J., & Pepermans, R. (2015). Affective commitment of employees designated as talent: Signalling perceived organisational support. European Journal of International Management, 9, 9-27.

    Solinger, O.N., Hofmans, J., & Van Olffen, W. (2015). The dynamic microstructure of organizational commitment. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 88, 773-796.


    Debusscher, J., Hofmans, J., & De Fruyt, F. (2014). The Curvilinear Relationship Between State Neuroticism and Momentary Task Performance. PloS ONE, 9. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106989

    Frederickx, S., & Hofmans, J. (2014). The role of personality in the initiation of communication situations. Journal of Individual Differences, 35, 30-37.

    Gelens, J., Hofmans, J., Dries, N., & Pepermans, R. (2014). Talent Management and Organizational Justice: Employee Reactions to High Potential Identification. Human Resource Management Journal, 24, 159-175.

    Haivas, S.M., Hofmans, J., & Pepermans, R. (2014). What motivates you doesn't motivate me: Individual differences in the needs satisfaction – motivation relationship of Romanian volunteers. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 63, 326-343.

    Hofmans, J., Gelens, J., & Theuns, P. (2014). Enjoyment as a mediator in the relationship between task characteristics and work effort: An experience sampling study. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 23, 693-705.

    Hofmans, J., & Theuns, P. (2014). Conjoint measurement. In A.C. Michalos (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer

    Hofmans, J., & Theuns, P. (2014). Self-anchoring rating scale. In A.C. Michalos (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer

    Mairesse, O., De Valck, E., Quanten, S., Neu, D., Cortoos, A., Pattyn, N., Theuns, P., Cluydts, R., & Hofmans, J. (2014). Sleepiness phenomics: Modeling individual differences in subjective sleepiness profiles. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 93, 150-161.

    Theuns, P., & Hofmans (2014). Functional measurement. In A.C. Michalos (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer

    Theuns, P., Hofmans, J., & Bernheim, J.L. (2014). Anamnestic Comparative Self Assessment (ACSA). In A.C. Michalos (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer

    Van den Broeck, J., Bastiaansen, L., Rossi, G., Dierckx, E., de Clercq, B., & Hofmans, J. (2014). Hierarchical structure of maladaptive personality traits in older adults: Joint factor analysis of the PID-5 and the DAPP-BQ. Journal of Personality Disorders, 28, 198-211.

    Van den Broeck, J., Bastiaansen, L., Rossi, G., Dierckx, E., Mikolajczak-Degrauwe, K., & Hofmans, J. (2014). Factorial validity of the Personality Adjectives Checklist in a Dutch-speaking sample. Journal of Personality Assessment, 96, 245-251.

    Van den Broeck, W., Hofmans, J., Cooremans, S, & Staels, E. (2014). Factorial validity and measurement invariance across intelligence levels and gender of the Overexcitabilities Questionnaire-II (OEQ-II). Psychological Assessment, 26, 55-68.

    Vandercammen, L., Hofmans, J., & Theuns, P. (2014). The mediating role of affect in the relationship between need satisfaction and autonomous motivation. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 87, 62-79.

    Vandercammen, L., Hofmans, J., & Theuns, P. (2014). Relating specific emotions to intrinsic motivation: On the moderating role of positive and negative emotion differentiation. PLoS ONE; 9. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0115396.

    Vandercammen, L., Hofmans, J., Theuns, P., & Kuppens, P. (2014). On the role of specific emotions in autonomous and controlled motivated behavior. European Journal of Personality, 28, 437-448.

    Wille, B., Hofmans, J., Feys, M., & De Fruyt, F. (2014). Maturation of work attitudes: Correlated change with Big Five personality traits and reciprocal effects over 15 years. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 35, 507-529.


    Bastiaansen, L., De Fruyt, F., Rossi, G., Schotte, C., & Hofmans, J. (2013). Personality disorder dysfunction versus traits: Structural and conceptual issues. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 4, 293-303.

    Bidee, J., Vantilborgh, T., Pepermans, R., Huybrechts, G., Willems, J., Jegers, M., & Hofmans, J. (2013). Autonomous motivation stimulates volunteers' work effort: A self-determination theory approach to volunteerism. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 24, 32-47.

    Frederickx, S., Verduyn, P., Koval, P., Brans, K., Brunner, B., De Laet, B., Ogrinz, B., Pe, M., & Hofmans, J. (2013). The relationship between arousal and the remembered duration of positive events. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 27, 493-496.

    Gelens, J., Dries, N., Hofmans, J., & Pepermans, R. (2013). The role of perceived organizational justice in shaping talent management outcomes: A research agenda. Human Resource Management Review, 23, 341-353.

    Haivas, S.M., Hofmans, J., & Pepermans, R. (2013). Volunteer engagement and intention to quit from a self-determination theory perspective. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, 1869-1880.

    Hofmans, J., De Gieter, S., & Pepermans, R. (2013). Individual differences in the relationship between satisfaction with job rewards and job satisfaction. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 82, 1-9.

    Hofmans, J., & Mullet, E. (2013). Towards unveiling individual differences in different stages of information processing: A clustering-based approach. Quality & Quantity, 47, 455-464.

    Solinger, O.N., Van Olffen, W., Roe, R.A., & Hofmans, J. (2013). On becoming (un)committed: A taxonomy and test of newcomer on-boarding scenarios. Organization Science, 24, 1640-1661.


    De Gieter, S., De Cooman, R., Hofmans, J., Pepermans, R., & Jegers, M. (2012). Pay level satisfaction and psychological reward satisfaction as mediators of the organizational justice-turnover intention relationship. International Studies of Management & Organization, 42, 50-67.

    Haivas, S.M., Hofmans, J., & Pepermans, R. (2012). Self-Determination Theory as a Framework for Exploring the Impact of the Organizational Context on Volunteer Motivation: A Study of Romanian Volunteers. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 41, 1195-1214.

    Hofmans, J. (2012). Individual differences in equity models. Psicologica, 33, 473-482.

    Hofmans, J., Shanteau, J., & Masin, S. (2012). Information integration theory and functional measurement: Applications in psychology. Psicologica, 33, 419-423.

    Mairesse, O., Neu, D., Migeotte, P., Pattyn, N., Hofmans, J., Theuns, P., Cluydts, R., & De Valck, E. (2012). Judgment of daytime sleepiness in self-reported short, long and midrange sleepers. Psicologica, 33, 609-629.


    De Gieter, S., Hofmans, J., & Pepermans, R. (2011). Revisiting the impact of job satisfaction and organizational commitment on nurse turnover intention: An individual differences analysis. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 48, 1562-1569.


    Hofmans, J. (2010). Editorial: Applications of Functional Measurement in psychology. Psicologica, 31, 431-439.

    Hofmans, J., & Theuns, P. (2010). Testing the impact of predefined and self-defined end anchors on the linearity of the category rating scale. Quality & Quantity, 44, 397-408.

    Mairesse, O., Hofmans, J., Neu, D., de Oliveira, A., Cluydts, R., & Theuns, P. (2010). The algebra of sleepiness: investigating the interaction of homeostatic (S) and circadian (C) processes in sleepiness using linear metrics. Psicologica, 31, 541-559.

    Theuns, P., Hofmans, J., Mazaheri, M., Van Acker, F., & Bernheim, J.L. (2010). Cross-national comparability of the WHOQOL-BREF: A measurement invariance approach. Quality of Life Research, 19, 219-224.


    De Gieter, S., Hofmans, J., De Cooman, R., & Pepermans, R. (2009). Measurement invariance of the Pay Satisfaction Questionnaire across gender: Explaining the 'contented female worker paradox' more thoroughly. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 69, 843-854.

    Dries, N., Pepermans, R., Hofmans, J., & Rypens, L. (2009). Development and validation of an objective intra-organizational career success measure for managers. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30, 543-560.

    Hofmans, J., Pepermans, R., & Loix, E. (2009). Measurement invariance matters: a case made for the ORTOFIN. Journal of Economic Psychology, 30 , 667-674.

    Hofmans, J., Theuns, P., & Van Acker, F. (2009). Combining quality and quantity. A psychometric evaluation of the self-anchoring scale. Quality & Quantity, 43, 703-716.

    Schepers, J., & Hofmans, J. (2009). TwoMP: A MATLAB graphical user interface for two-mode partitioning. Behavior Research Methods, 41, 507-514.


    Hofmans, J., Dries, N., & Pepermans, R. (2008). The Career Satisfaction Scale: Response Bias Among Men and Women. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73, 397-403.

    Hofmans, J., Kuppens, P., & Allik, J. (2008). Is short in length short in content? An examination of the domain representation of the Ten Item Personality Inventory scales in Dutch Language. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 750-755.

    Hofmans, J., & Theuns, P. (2008). On the linearity of predefined and self-anchoring Visual Analogue Scales. British Journal of Mathematical & Statistical Psychology, 61, 401-413.

    Mairesse, O., Hofmans, J., & Theuns, P. (2008). The functional measurement experiment builder suite: two JAVA-based programs to generate and run functional measurement experiments. Behavior Research Methods, 40, 408-412.


    Hofmans, J., Mairesse, O., & Theuns, P. (2007). An aternative for prescribed integration rules in testing the linearity of a response measure. Teorie & Modelli, 12, 259-268.

    Hofmans, J., Theuns, P., Baekelandt, S., Mairesse, O., Schillewaert, N., & Cools, W. (2007). Bias and changes in perceived intensity of verbal qualifiers effected by scale orientation. Survey Research Methods, 1, 97-108.

    Hofmans, J., Theuns, P., & Mairesse, O. (2007). On the impact of the number of response categories on linearity and sensitivity of 'Self Anchoring Scales'. A Functional Measurement approach. Methodology, 3, 160-169.

    Mairesse, O., Hofmans, J., De Valck, E., Cluydts, R., & Theuns, P. (2007). On the linearity of subjective sleepiness measures. Teorie & Modelli, 12, 289-298.

    Theuns, P., Hofmans, J., & Verresen, N. (2007). A functional measurement inquiry on the contribution of different life domains to overall subjective well-being. Teorie & Modelli, 12, 181-189.

    Van Acker, F., Theuns, P., Hofmans, J., & Mairesse, O. (2007). Test of the effect of scale labels on response linearity. Teorie & Modelli, 12, 269-276.


    Bernheim, J., Theuns, P., Mazaheri, M., Hofmans, J., Flieghe, J., & Rose, M. (2006). The potential of Anamnestic Comparative Self Assessment (ACSA) to reduce bias in the measurement of Subjective Well-Being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 7, 227-250.

    Cools, W., Hofmans, J., & Theuns, P. (2006). Context in category scales: is "fully agree" equal to twice agree? European Review of Applied Psychology, 56, 223-229.

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