Tine Tysmans

General info

Kb 120
+ 32 (0)2 6292921
+ 32 (0)2 6292928
Promotor van: 


cement composites, textile reinforced concrete, lightweight structures, structural formwork systems, shell structures, form finding, structural analysis, structural design

Professional career

2011 - current: Professor in Civil Engineering, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium

2013 - current: Guest Professor Structural analysis and stability of structures, Royal Military Academy, Belgium

2006 - 2010: Doctor in Engineering, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (FWO grant)
                    "Design of anticlastic shells in innovative textile reinforced cement composites"

10/2009 - 12/2009: Visisting PhD researcher, Princeton University, USA

2004 - 2006: Master in Civil Engineering, Vrije Universiteit Brussel

2001 - 2004: Bachelor in Engineering, Vrije Universteit Brussel


Structural analysis, stability of structures

Form finding en structural optimisation

Stability of structures III: finite element method

Integrated technology project Civil Engineering


Where material meets structure


Designing durable lightweight structures and systems
using cement composite innovation.


Innovations in materials and structures are very closely connected. In the last decades, composites have strongly evolved in both development and application. An important contribution is the development of cement composites; their fire safety is a strong advantage for structural applications. Our research group focuses on innovations in textile reinforced cement composites and the use of their high mechanical capacities and minimal thickness in lightweight structures (e.g. shells) and systems (e.g. structural formwork, external reinforcement). 


Even though short fibres are increasingly used in concrete applications, still their maximum inserted amount is limited, and their function is restricted to crack width reduction and durability increase; steel reinforcement is still necessary to provide tensile resistance. With the recent development of very fine grained cements with reduced alkalinity, such as the pH-neutral Inorganic Phosphate Cement (developed at Vrije Universiteit Brussel), high amounts of dense glass fibre textiles can be inserted in the matrix. As such, a durable cement composite is created which possesses – besides its compressive stiffness and strength – a high tensile capacity without the need for steel reinforcement.

The combination of their high mechanical capacities, practically unlimited thickness and firesafety make textile reinforced cement (TRC) composites a very promising material for loadbearing lightweight structures and systems. One of the studied applications are shells. They do not only take advantage of the facilitated manufacturing of strong curvatures using flexible reinforcement, but also of the material and weight gain using this non-corroding composite instead of traditional steel-reinforced concrete. Other promising lightweight applications that we study include structural stay-in-place formwork for concrete shells and beams, external reinforcement, lightweight floor systems for renovation purposes, …

The research of our group includes the determination of the mechanical properties of high fibre volume fraction TRC composites (uniaxially as well as biaxially), durability studies, material modeling (analytical and finite element models), numerical and experimental analysis of TRC structures, formfinding and optimisation, conceptual and structural design of new TRC structures and systems.


Please feel free to contact me for more information about the research of our group or for future collaboration possibilities.




De Sutter, S., Remy, O., Tysmans, T., Wastiels, J. (2014). Development and experimental validation of a lightweight Stay-in-Place composite formwork for concrete beams. Construction & building materials, 63(7), 33-39, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.03.032.

Verbruggen, S., Aggelis, D., Tysmans, T. and Wastiels, J. (2014).  Bending of beams externally reinforced with TRC and CFRP monitored by DIC and AE. Composite Structures, 112, 113-121, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2014.02.006

Filomeno Coelho, R., Tysmans, T., Verwimp, E. (2014). Form finding & structural optimization: A project-based course for graduate students in civil and architectural engineering. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 49(6), 1037-1046, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00158-013-1021-7

Aggelis, D.G., Verbruggen, S., Tsangouri, E., Tysmans, T., Van Hemelrijck, D. (2013). Characterization of mechanical performance of concrete beams with external reinforcement by acoustic emission and digital image correlation. Construction and Building Materials, 47, 1037-1045,http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.06.005

Verbruggen, S., Remy, O., Wastiels, J. and Tysmans, T. (2013). Stay-in-Place Formwork of TRC Designed as Shear Reinforcement for Concrete Beams.Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 2013, Article ID 648943, 9 pages, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/648943

Cauberg, N., Tysmans, T., Adriaenssens, S., Wastiels, J. Mollaert, M. and Belkassem, B. (2012). Shell elements of textile reinforced concrete using fabric formwork: a case study. Advances in Structural Engineering, 15(4), 677-689.

Van Itterbeeck, P., Purnell, P., Cuypers, H., Tysmans, T., Orlowsky, J. and Wastiels, J. (2012). Durability models for GRC: uncertainties on strength predictions.Plastics, Rubber and Composites, 41(2), 77-87.

Tysmans, T., Adriaenssens, S. and Wastiels J. (2011). Form finding methodology for force-modelled anticlastic shells in glass fibre textile reinforced cement composites. Engineering Structures, 33(9), 2603-2611.

Tysmans, T., Adriaenssens, S., Cuypers, H. and Wastiels, J. (2009). Structural analysis of small span textile reinforced concrete shells with double curvature. Composites Science and Technology, 69(11-12), 1790-1796.

Conference publications: 



Woźniak, M., Tysmans, T. and Vantomme, J. (2013). Finite element analysis of glass fibre reinforced composites with inorganic phosphate cement matrix: comparison of inbuilt abaqus concrete models. Proceedings 19th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM19), Montreal, Canada, 10 pages.

De Sutter, S., Remy, O. and Tysmans, T. (2013). Design and structural feasibility study of a lightweight floor system for renovation. Proceedings 19th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM19), Montreal, Canada, 9 pages.


Verbruggen, S., Wastiels, J. Tysmans, T., and Puystiens, S. (2013). Comparison between TRC and CFRP as external reinforcement for plain concrete beams. Proceedings 19th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM19), Montreal, Canada, 9 pages. 

Verwimp, E., Tysmans T., Mollaert, M. (2013). Flexible formwork as reinforcement for curved concrete structures. Proceedings International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) Symposium: Beyond the limits of Man, Wroclaw, Poland, 23-27/09/2013, book of abstracts p341 and paper ID 1230 on cd-rom, 10 pages.


Verbruggen S., Wastiels J., Tysmans T., Remy O. and Michez S. (2012). The influence of externally bonded longitudinal TRC reinforcement on the crack pattern of a concrete beam. Proceedings 3rd International Conference on Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting (ICCRRR 2012), Cape Town, South Africa, Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-0-415-89952-9, 1259-1265.

Tysmans T., Wastiels J., Adriaenssens S. and Verwimp E. (2012). Flexible reinforcement systems for spatially curved concrete structures. Proceedings Second International Conference on Flexible Formwork (ICFF2012), Bath, UK, J. Orr, M. Evernden, A. Darby, T. Ibell, editors, ISBN 978-0-86197-185-5, book of abstracts p86-87, and paper ID 34 on cd-rom, 356-367.

Verwimp E., Remy O., Wastiels J. and Tysmans, T. (2012). Structural stay-in-place formwork in textile reinforced cement composites for very slender concrete columns. Proceedings Second International Conference on Flexible Formwork (ICFF2012), Bath, UK, J. Orr, M. Evernden, A. Darby, T. Ibell, editors, ISBN 978-0-86197-185-8, book of abstracts p90-91, and paper ID 36 on cd-rom, 380-389.


Tysmans, T., Adriaenssens, S., Wastiels, J. and Remy, O. (2011). Textile reinforced cement composites for the design of very thin saddle shells: a case study. Proceedings 18th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM18), Jeju, South-Korea, paper ID W33-6-IF0763 on usb-stick, 6 pages.

Remy, O., Verbruggen, S., Wastiels, J. and Tysmans, T. (2011). Cement composite stay-in-place formwork: A concept for future building systems. Proceedings 18th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM18), Jeju, South-Korea, paper ID W33-5-IF0690 on usb-stick, 6 pages.

Current projects

IWT SBO project (Strategisch basisonderzoek/ Strategic fundamental research), 01/01/2015 – 31/12/2018 “CeComStruct: Textile Reinforced Cementitious Composites for a High-Performance, Fire-Resistant, Sustainable Building System”

IWT-Sprint project withPlaka Belgium and Basaltex, “Design of a lightweight fire-resistant composite panel”, 01/05/2013 – 30/04/2015, Budget VUB-MeMC: € 100.000

Innoviris Strategic Platform Environment 2012: Brussels Retrofit XL , 01/01/2013 – 31/12/2014
“LightComp: Design of lightweight building components for the renovation and reconversion of existing buildings” 

FWO grant PhD M. Wozniák, 01/10/2012 – 30/09/2016
“Integration of the bond behaviour into the numerical modelling and the design of mixed cement composite – concrete structures”

Design and implementation by aware