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Expecting a bad night: The impact of pre-sleep expectations on sleep quality

donderdag, 24 januari, 2013 - 17:00
Campus: Brussels Humanities, Sciences & Engineering campus
Faculteit: Psychology and Educational Sciences
D
Promotiezaal D.2.01
Faculteit Psychologie en Educatiewetenschappen
doctoraatsverdediging

Prof. dr. Willem Elias, Decaan van de Faculteit Psychologie & Educatiewetenschappen, nodigt u uit op de openbare verdediging tot het behalen van de academische graad van Doctor in de Psychologische Wetenschappen van de heer Johan Wuyts. 

Deze zal plaatsvinden op donderdag 24 januari 2013 om 17u00 in de Promotiezaal D.2.01 (Pleinlaan 2, ingang 13, gebouw D). 

Expecting a bad night: The impact of pre-sleep expectations on sleep quality

drs. Johan Wuyts

PROMOTORS

  • Prof. dr. Em. Raymond Cluydts
    VUB – Faculteit Psychologie en Educatiewetenschappen
  • Prof. dr. Elke De Valck
    VUB – Faculteit Geneeskunde en Farmacie
  • Prof. dr. Marie Vandekerckhove
    VUB – Faculteit Psychologie en Educatiewetenschappen

ABSTRACT

Sleep is an essential part of life. Lack of sleep, sleeplessness or insomnia, can have many detrimental consequences. In addition to health problems, both societal and financial problems might arise since daytime functioning becomes impaired. Therefore, prevention of insomnia becomes important. Hence, research into the precipitating factors of insomnia is important. Pre-sleep negative expectations form a potential candidate as sleep disturber. Many models of insomnia put negative cognitions forward as a disorder maintaining factor. However, these models have not been validated yet and within most research regarding potential sleep disturbing factors it is impossible to distinguish between the impact of the disturbing element or the effect of merely expecting the disturbing element.

In the present dissertation a general hypothesis was tested: whether negative expectations concerning improper sleep hygiene factors could induce insomnia like symptoms within good sleeping subjects, creating an experimental model of acute insomnia. This way the role of negative expectations as potential precipitating factor of insomnia could be clarified.

CV

Johan Wuyts was born on the 12th of July 1984 in Leuven, Vlaams Brabant and grew up in Muizen, Antwerp. In 2008 he obtained the degree of Master in Clinical Psychology at the KULeuven. Afterwards he got the opportunity to start his PhD research within the research group of Biological Psychology at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Raymond Cluydts. The past four years his PhD related research was embedded within an interuniversity project sponsored by the agency for Innovation by Science and Technology (IWT). The project dealt with environmental and human factors who might have the potential to improve or disturb sleep. Within this framework he investigated the impact of pre-sleep cognitions on human sleep quality.

JURY

  • Prof. dr. Elke Van Hoof (voorzitter)
    VUB – Faculteit Psychologie en Educatiewetenschappen – Vakgroep Experimentele en Toegepaste Psychologie
  • Prof. dr. Dirk Devroey
    VUB – Faculteit Geneeskunde en Farmacie – Vakgroep Huisartsgeneeskunde
  • Prof. dr. Yori Gidron
    VUB – Faculteit Geneeskunde en Farmacie – Center for Neurosciences
  • Prof. dr. Rudi D'Hooge
    KULeuven -  Faculteit Psychologie en Pedagogische Wetenschappen – Vakgroep Biologische Psychologie
  • Mirko Petrovic
    UGent -  Faculteit Geneeskunde en Gezondheidswetenschappen – Vakgroep Inwendige Ziekten
  • Prof. dr. Em. Raymond Cluydts
    VUB – Faculteit Psychologie en Educatiewetenschappen - Emeritus
  • Prof. dr. Elke De Valck
    VUB – Faculteit Geneeskunde en Farmacie
  • Prof. dr. Marie Vandekerckhove
    VUB – Faculteit Psychologie en Educatiewetenschappen - Vakgroep Experimentele en Toegepaste Psychologie

Gelieve uw aanwezigheid voor 23/01/2013 te willen bevestigen via Johan.Wuyts@vub.ac.be.