Ahmed Soliman

Ahmed Soliman

Ahmed Soliman is a PhD researcher at the departments of Architectural Engineering and Mechanics of Materials and Constructions at Vrije Universiteit Brussel under the supervision of Niels De Temmerman, Lars De Laet and Tine Tysmans. His research is funded by the VUB Strategic Research Programme. Ahmed graduated in 2022 as Master of Science in Architectural Engineering at Bruface (VUB/ULB).

PhD research

A hybrid deployable system of integrated scissors grids and surface-active structures

Date2022 - ...
SupervisorsNiels De Temmerman, Tine Tysmans and Lars De Laet


The research aims to develop a deployable and reusable structural system that fosters the circularity of both structural elements and materials. This objective is pursued through the combination of the inherent deployability mechanisms found in scissor structures with the structural robustness of surface-active structures. The resultant hybrid system is envisioned to outperform widely used textile structures in terms of structural integrity, security, and durability while retaining the adaptability and construction ease associated with deployable scissor grids.

The possible solution should be versatile and could be optimized for a diverse array of applications, ranging from temporary shelters such as post-crisis relief structures, hospital pods, and markets, to more temporary constructions such as deployable scaffoldings tailored for shell structures. The research involves designing and prototyping structures specifically tailored for specific case studies across these diverse applications. In addition, additive manufacturing technology will be employed to create innovative joint hubs, crucial for seamless integration between deployable systems and surface-active structures. These novel joints are expected to enhance the functionality of scissor systems, unlocking a versatile library of geometric forms.

Master’s thesis

Bending-active plate components in configurable kit-of-parts systems

Date2020 - 2022
SupervisorsNiels De Temmerman and Lars De Laet


The research explores transformability within wooden kit-of-parts systems, Utilizing a parametric design process for bending-active double-layer components that exploit the elastic behavior of materials to enhance the stiffness of the modular component. The study is further extended to propose an alternative solution of a temporary system that can be assembled on site and can be reconfigured in various shapes and sizes using the same elements.

This study follows the thematic nature of the "ReciPlyDome" prototype, a kit-of-parts structure with double-layer beam components in reciprocal connections designed by the VUB architectural engineering team in collaboration with Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts (KADK) in Copenhagen. It seeks to take the concept further by replacing beams with plate components. The design process was conducted through digital and physical models using Grasshopper, kiwi!3d, and Karamba3D for visual scripting, allowing for flexibility in reconfiguring and tailoring different types of components with various uses. The case study application of the system based on the truncated icosahedron solid was also demonstrated with the integration of an embedded shading system of tensioned fabric to provide either a medium or a fully sealed environment.